Adenanthera pavonina L.


Leguminosae (Mimosoideae)
Adenanthera gersenii Scheff.
Common Names
Red bead tree, Circassian tree
Flowering Period
January – September
Sri Lanka, North East India, Myanmar, and China
Grown in sacred grooves and found in low land areas

A great ornamental known for its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and haemagglutinin properties. The paste made of red wood powder is an good antiseptic. The ground seeds are effective in treating boils and inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of rheumatism and gout. The bark is used to treat leprosy. Decoction of the bark and leaves is used to treat dysentery, diarrhoea and tonsillitis. The wood is also an effective tonic for treating migraines and headaches. The bark is rich in saponins and can be used as a soap for washing clothes etc. The fast growth and ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen makes this a good option to reclaim land and re-establish woodland.

രോഗനാശിനിയായും, വിഷാണു നാശകമായും എരിച്ചിലിനു പരിഹാരമായും ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്നു. മുറിവുണക്കുന്ന ലേപനത്തിനായി ഇതിന്റെ ചുവന്ന കാതൽ ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്നു.

Key Characters

Red bead tree is a medium to large size deciduous tree growing to a height of 6-15 m. Bark reddish brown. Leaves simple bipinnate, alternate. Leaflets with entire margin. Flowers- bisexual, pale yellow; petals 5; Stamens 10, free. Ovary subsessile and flat. Style filiform with simple stigma. Fruit a pod, spirally coiled after dehiscence. Seeds are glossy and red in colour.